24B Semester

24B Proposal Call

The Green Bank Observatory (GBO) invites scientists to
participate in the 2024B Semester
Call for Proposals for the Green Bank Telescope (GBT).

The submission deadline for Semester 2024B proposals was
Wednesday, 31 January 2024, at 17:00 EST (22:00 UTC).

The deadline is for the 24B semester observing period on the GBT:
1 August 2024 – 31 January 2025

Virtual Proposal Planning Office Hours will be held January 24 and 25.

The GBO would like to highlight the following:

  1. Low frequency (< 8 GHz) projects are encouraged
  2. Up to 200 hours per source or field is reasonable.
  3. No Large proposals requesting high frequencies (> 60 GHz) will be accepted at 24B deadline.
  4. Joint proposals with JWST (new), NICERXMM-NewtonChandraHSTSwift, and Fermi
  5. Expected hours available: ~2300-3100 hours.
    • Increase in open skies time of ~600 hours in the 24B semester
    • Shutdown May-September in 2024 and 2025 (no observing) for infrastructure work
    • Other shutdowns for infrastructure work may occur as necessary
    • No more than 100 hours available for ν ≥ 50 GHz
    • Monitoring observations will not be guaranteed cadence through shutdowns.
  6. UWBR remains shared risk.
    • UWBR available for one (maybe two) short, weeklong campaigns at irregular intervals
  7. S, Q and W-bands will not be available.
  8. Multi-semester proposals will be considered.  Proposals requesting observations lasting longer than one year will be considered but must be submitted as a large proposal.
  9. Undersubscribed LSTs
    • Below 8 GHz in the 0-13h LST range
    • 8-18 GHz and 27.5-50 GHz at all LSTs

A detailed timeline for the 24B Proposal Call is available here and summarized in the table below:

03 January 2024GBO/NRAO Call for Proposals
31 January 2024GBO/NRAO Proposal Deadline @ 22:00 UTC
29 February 2024Individual Science Reviews Completed
20 March 2024Science Review Panel (SRP) Meetings Completed
16-17 April 2024Telescope time allocation committee (TAC) meeting
10 May 2024Disposition Letters Sent

The GBO 2024B Call for Proposals is for observations with the GBT; the corresponding call for the VLBA/HSA/GMVA and VLA can be found at the NRAO Call for Proposals.  

What’s New in 2024B?

  • Large Proposals.  The GBT will accept large proposals at the 24B deadline.  However, no large proposals requesting high frequencies (> 60 GHz) will be accepted at this deadline.
  • Joint Programs with JWST.  Starting in 24B, joint proposals may be submitted requesting time on the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST).  A maximum time of 50 hours can be allocated per year on the JWST.
  • Updated Dissertation Plans.  Students that have dissertation plans as part of their NRAO profile will be REQUIRED to update their plans following a strict thesis template.  The template is available in either Word or LaTex formats (see Section 7.2 of the NRAO and GBO Users’ Policies).
    As stated in the Users’ Policies – While not a guarantee, the Observatory allows reviewers to consider elevating the proposal in the rankings if it is associated with an acceptable Plan of Dissertation. This is given in consideration to the time constraints students typically operate under, as having to resubmit a proposal due to minor criticisms may not be possible within the scope of their studies. Therefore, it is advantageous for students to provide a thoughtful and thorough Plan of Dissertation if their PhD research is reliant on the proposal data.
  • NRAO and GBO Users’ Policies.  The policies have been substantially updated ahead of the 24B Call for Proposals.
    • The requirements and policies concerning Joint Proposals have been significantly revised in Sections 3.2.1 and 3.2.3
    • The policies for VLA and VLBA Resident Shared Risk Observing (RSRO) and Shared Risk Observing (SRO) have been significantly revised in Section 5.3. The policy for scheduling General Observing (GO) observations has been updated in Section 5.3.
    • The requirements for student Dissertation Plans have been significantly revised in Section 7.2 (see above).
    • See the NRAO and GBO Users’ Policies page.

Proposal Process and Opportunities

Joint GBO and NRAO Telescope Time Allocation Process

Proposals to the Green Bank Observatory (GBO) and the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) for the scientific use of its telescopes are evaluated on the basis of scientific merit and technical feasibility using a panel-based proposal review system.  This joint process is run by the NRAO in accordance with its policy of non-discrimination and inclusion.

The GBO 2024B Call for Proposals is for observations with the GBT; the corresponding call for the VLBA/HSA/GMVA and the VLA can be found at the NRAO Call for Proposals.

Low Frequency Science Opportunities

Low frequency (below 8 GHz) projects, especially those that may require significant amounts of observing time per source or field, are strongly encouraged.  Observations up to 200 hours per source or field at low frequencies is not unreasonable for the less subscribed LST ranges.  Please see the LST pressure plots in the Proposal Results for previous semesters located here.

Expected GBT time available in 24B

The GBT is expected to be shut down from May-September 2024 and May-September 2025.  During this shutdown repairs to the GBT infrastructure will be performed.  This includes azimuth wheel replacement, painting, and track, foundation and grout work.

Other shutdowns for infrastructure work may occur as necessary and with little warning.

It is expected that there will be about 2300-3100 hours of A and B ranked observing time that can be assigned to new projects.  It is also expected that no more than 100 hours of excellent weather high frequency time can be assigned to new projects.

We cannot guarantee that monitoring projects can be scheduled due to the planned infrastructure work.

Receiver Availability

Ultra-wideband shared risk

The new Ultra-wideband Receiver (UWBR) will undergo engineering changes and commissioning in early 2024.  Unfortunately, the UWBR will not be available for regular monitoring observations in the 24B semester.  We still anticipate that the UWBR could become available for some observations in the near future.  This would be for one (maybe two) short, weeklong campaigns occurring on irregular basis.

The UWB receiver is optimized for high-precision pulsar timing and wide-band observations of fast transients.  VEGAS will support coherent and incoherent dedispersion, and pulsar searching and timing modes over the full bandwidth of the receiver.  

For more information on the UWBR please visit here.

S, Q and W-bands not available

The S, Q, and W-band receivers will not be available in the 24B semester.  The Q and W-band receivers are expected to be available for the 25A semester.

Receivers available only during campaigns

The Prime Focus 342 and 800 MHz feeds, and the UWB receivers will only be available for campaigns during the 24B semester.  The 800 MHz feed will be available on a monthly basis.

Receiver available during entire semester

It is expected that the L, C, X, Ku, KFPA, Ka, Argus and Mustang2 receivers will be available during the entire 24B semester.

Continuing Opportunities

Joint Observing program

Access to the Joint Observing program will continue for the GBT, VLA, and VLBA for semester 24B.  This includes joint observations with JWST, NICER, the XMM-Newton Project, the Chandra X-ray Observatory, the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), the Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission, and the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope.  For more details see the Joint Proposal page.

Director’s Discretionary Time Including Education and Public Outreach

Proposals for Director’s Discretionary Time (DDT) may be submitted at any time. They must be submitted through the PST. DDT proposals are intended to address targets of opportunity, high-risk/high-return exploratory time, or other science opportunities deemed sufficiently urgent to justify prompt action. 

DDT proposals may also be submitted for the purpose of education and public outreach—for example, to image an iconic source or to support an educational opportunity for students. Such proposals should clearly justify the requirements for the requested time allocation and observing mode on any given instrument, and should describe the anticipated impact of the observation.  

While there is not an a priori limit to time that can be requested via DDT, it is expected that no more than 5% of the available science time on each telescope will be allocated for this purpose.

Other Proposal Opportunities

The GBO would like to make users aware that there are additional proposal opportunities as follows:

  • High Risk Proposals: As a means of maximizing its scientific impact through cutting-edge observations, the Observatory encourages the submission of high-risk/high-reward proposals.  That the proposal is high risk/high reward should be designated both in the abstract and the science justification.
  • Triggered Proposals: Observations for unknown sources that would be triggered by a celestial event (e.g., near Earth asteroid discovery, comet discovery, fast radio burst, etc.) can be submitted as a triggered proposal.  Any accepted triggered proposal will have proprietary rights to observations over any Director’s Discretionary Time (DDT) proposal.
  • Filler Programs: Some programs are not time critical or do not require highly subscribed LST ranges can request designation as a “filler program.”. Such programs may be able to take advantage of gaps in the GBT schedule.   The proposal should make clear in the abstract and early in the science justification that “filler” time is being requested.  Filler time requests will be ineligible for scheduling priority A or B.

GBT Proposal Guide

GBT Proposal Preparation

All proposals should state why the GBT is necessary for the requested observations in both the abstract and science justification.

Virtual Proposal Planning Office Hours will be held January 24, and 25.

Proposers are encouraged to look at past proposal call results, especially the LST pressure plots, which can be found in the TAC proposal result reports.  This information can be found here.

All proposers, including pulsar proposers, should use the GBT Sensitivity Calculator. The Sensitivity Calculator results can be cut and pasted into the Technical Justification section of the proposal. This will streamline the creation of your Technical Justification and will lessen the chances for error. 

If you are planning on making maps with the GBT, you should use the GBT Mapping Calculator tool.

The GBT observing policies describe the telescope’s remote observing restrictions.

Proposers requesting GBT participation in High Sensitivity Array (HSA), Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA), or Global Millimeter Very Long Baseline Interferometry (GMVA) observations should consult the VLBA, HSA, and GMVA Proposal Call.

GBT Capabilities

The GBO encourages proposals that take advantage of the GBT’s unique capabilities across 0.29 to 116.2 GHz frequency range.  (Coverage is not available for 15.8-18.0 GHz, and 50.5-67.0 GHz).

Key science areas include, but are not limited to:

  • low column density HI (NHI ≈1017 cm-2 galactic and extragalactic)
  • star formation
  • fast radio bursts
  • galaxy and cluster evolution
  • pulsars (searches and timing)
  • cosmology
  • radio recombination lines
  • astrochemistry
  • solar system science

Details of all GBT observing modes are inThe Proposer’s Guide for the Green Bank Telescope. Proposers should also consult the more general document The Performance of the GBT: A Guide for Planning Observations.

Large Proposals

The GBT only accepts large proposals once per year for the B semester proposal deadlines.  Large GBT proposals are not accepted at the A semester proposal deadlines.  This policy ensures equality for the reviews of all large proposals that can be scheduled across a full year.

Recall that all large proposals are restricted to using no more than 50% of the open skies time available under any weather category (poor, good, excellent) at any LST during any semester.

Regular and Large proposal size definitions for the GBO are as follows:

  • 0-8 GHz (Any weather)
    • Regular:  < 400 hours and lasting ≤ 1 year
    • Large: ≥ 400 hours or lasting >1 year
  • 8-18 and 27.5-50 GHz (Good weather)
    • Regular:  < 200 hours and lasting ≤ 1 year
    • Large: ≥ 200 hours or lasting >1 year
  • 18-27.5 and > 50 GHz (Excellent weather)
    • Regular:  < 100 hours and lasting ≤ 1.5 year
    • Large:  ≥ 100 hours or lasting >1.5 year
  • Fixed and Monitoring proposals
    • Regular:  < 200 hours and lasting ≤ 1 year
    • Large:  ≥ 200 hours or lasting >1 year

Proposers submitting Large Proposals should read the Large Proposal Policy to ensure that they address all of the mandatory requirements.

Currently Large proposals comprise 50% of the available time for excellent weather projects.  We do not anticipate accepting any Large proposals for excellent weather projects at the 24B proposal deadline.

High Frequency Observations

There are approximately 1000 hours of excellent weather (18-27.5 and > 50 GHz) available each semester for both open skies and sponsored time.    Prior commitments typically account for slightly more than half of this time which leaves only 420 hours available to be scheduled each semester.  Due to mechanical issues encountered in the 22B and 23A semester, we expect the amount of high frequency carry over time to be larger than normal for the 24B semester.  We anticipate that ≤ 100 hours of high frequency time will be available for new proposals in the 24B semester.

Starting with the 23B proposal, all A ranked excellent weather projects will be considered for scheduling for 3 semesters.


The GBT receivers, backends, and observing modes that are available in Semester 2018B are listed in Tables 1 and 2 below.

ReceiverFrequency RangeExpected AvailabilityNote
Prime Focus 1290 – 395 MHz
short campaigns with irregular intervals between
Prime Focus 1680 – 920 MHzMonthly 2-3 week campaigns
Prime Focus 1385 – 520 MHz
510 – 690 MHz
high rank proposal demand only
Prime Focus 2910 – 1230 MHzhigh rank proposal demand only
UWB Receiver700 – 4200 MHzshort campaigns, irregular intervalsshared-risk in 24B
L-band1.15 – 1.73 GHzentire semester
S-band1.73 – 2.60 GHznot available
C-band3.8 – 8.0 GHzentire semesterlinear only, see below
X-band5 – 11.6 GHzentire semester
Ku-band12.9 – 15.4 GHzentire semester
K-band Focal Plane Array (KFPA)18 – 26.5 GHzentire semester7-pixel array
Ka-band26 – 39.5 GHzentire semester
Q-band38.2 – 49.8 GHzNot available
W-band67 – 93.3 GHzNot available
Argus75 – 115.3 GHzentire semester16-pixel array
MUSTANG-290 GHzentire semestershared-risk, private PI instrument; proposals must include instrument team
Table 1
BackendObserving ModeNote
VEGAScontinuum, spectral line, pulsar
CCBcontinuumKa-receiver only
MARK6 Disk RecorderVLBI
JPL Radar backendradarPrivate PI instrument, open for public use
Breakthrough ListenPrivate PI instrument, shared risk
Table 2

Permission required for instruments not listed as being available: Anyone requesting a receiver or instrument not listed as being available in the proposal call must have permission from the site director, interim site director, or the GBT schedulers before the proposal is submitted.

C-band Polarization: Proposals wishing to use the GBT C-band receiver should only use linear polarization outputs.  The circular polarization of the receiver is currently not performing correctly and we will not accept any proposals to use the circular polarization output of this receiver.

VLBI including the HSA and GMVA:Proposers should clearly justify the need for the GBT in the text of the proposal.  All Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) proposals requesting the GBT should include any needed setup and overhead time in the time request of their proposals. 
Proposals requesting the GBT as part of High Sensitivity Array (HSA), and Global 3mm VLBI Array (GMVA) should be submitted through the Very Long Baseline Array’s call (available here).

C-band VLBI on the GBT: The GBO will only accept proposals using the GBT C-band receiver for VLBI Stokes I continuum observations (the observations will need to be done using full Stokes just to calibrate Stoke I).  Please see the HSA section of the Long Baseline Observatory call (available here) for proposals for more details.

MUSTANG2-: The GBO will accept proposals for shared risk observations using the MUSTANG-2 instrument at the proposal deadline.  More information on MUSTANG-2 can be found here.  The GBO cannot guarantee that MUSTANG-2 will be cold at the start of scheduled observing due to low observing elevations or rotations of the turret from prior observations.  All MUSTANG-2 proposals must have permission from the instrument development team – contact Emily MoravecSimon Dicker or Brian Mason

Breakthrough Listen backend: The Breakthrough Listen project is making its backend available for shared-risk observations during the 2024B semester.  The instrument consists of a cluster of 64 Titan X and 1080 GPU-based servers capturing 8-bit baseband voltages over up to 12 GHz of instantaneous bandwidth.  Data rates are typically tens of TB/hr but a pipeline is available to generate spectra with adjustable frequency (> 3 Hz) and time (> 350 μs) resolutions, with possible science applications including fast radio transients, pulsar observations, stellar flares, SETI, etc.  Before submitting a proposal, proposers must obtain permission from the Breakthrough Listen team at Berkeley SETI Research Center.  The team will consult on proposal preparation and data analysis.  Any data acquired using the backend will be proprietary to the proposer per the standard GBO policies.
More information including a technical description of the backend and team contact details can be found here.

Continuum Observations: Proposers wishing to perform continuum observation should consult with a GBO scientist.  Some information on continuum observations can be found here.

Observing and Scheduling Constraints

The GBT is scheduled by the Dynamic Scheduling System (DSS). The DSS system is fully described in the GBT Proposer’s Guide and the GBT Observer’s Guide.

Mapping: If you are considering mapping with the GBT such that there are major turns or moves (end of rows in raster map, petals in daisy maps, changes in position for pointed maps, etc.) that occur with a cadence faster than every 30 seconds, you will need to consult with a GBT support scientist to ensure that the GBT can safely withstand the stresses induced by the mapping motions.

Observing Team Members: We would like to remind all project teams of the Green Bank Observatory policy that all observers must be listed as a member of the project team in the GBT Dynamic Scheduling System. 
Also, we would like to remind all observers that they should not log into any GBO computing system using another person’s account.  Co-Is and students are required to have their own GBO login and account if they are to participate in observing and data reduction. 

Scheduling Increments: Please note that the GBT is scheduled in 15 minute (0.25 hour) increments and that all proposals should request time appropriately. Time requests will be rounded down to the nearest 0.25 hour increment. 


The most recent RFI monitoring scans for the GBT can be found here.  These scans provide information on the frequencies that may encounter RFI.  Note that a Green Bank computing account is required to be able to view this information.  If you do not have a computing account, please contact the helpdesk to request the desired RFI plots.

Schools and Workshops

Observer Training Workshops: The Green Bank Telescope (GBT) Remote Observer Training Workshop will provide the essential skills and knowledge needed to use the GBT and maximize its scientific output. It is intended for experienced astronomers who need to learn the specifics of observing with the GBT. After completing the workshop, an attendee will be certified to use the GBT as a remote observer. The workshop will focus on hands-on training in the observing techniques most relevant to participants (e.g. high frequency map, continuum, pulsar, etc.).
These workshops will be held several times a year and will complement traditional on-site training.  The next workshop will be held Feb 06-08, 2024. More information can be found here.

Single Dish Training School: The Green Bank Telescope (GBT) Single Dish Training School will provide graduate students, post-docs, and experts in other fields of astronomy with both knowledge and practical experience of the techniques and applications of single-dish radio astronomy using the GBT as the primary example. The school will be based around an intensive series of lectures from experts, as well as hands-on radio-astronomy projects and tutorials. Topics to be covered include radio telescope fundamentals, key single-dish science areas, observing and calibration techniques, the impact of weather, the GBT observing procedures and software, and data reduction.
The school will be held once per year. An intensive GBT remote observer training workshop will be held immediately following the school for those who wish to obtain remote observing certification.  The next school is tentatively set to occur June 24-29, 2024.

Joint Proposals

Joint Proposals Between the GBT, VLBA and VLA

Observing programs that require combinations of the GBT, VLBA, and/or the VLA should submit a proposal for each of the requested telescopes, with a clear justification for each, as has been the case to date. The proposals will be reviewed as before and considered jointly by the Time Allocation Committee. VLBI proposals which request the GBT or VLA (or the HSA, for example) as elements of the VLBI array do not need separate proposals—those telescopes can be selected as separate VLBI stations from a VLBA/HSA proposal.

Joint Proposals with External Facilities

Here we list opportunities for joint proposals with several external (non-AUI) facilities.  Agreements for Joint Observations with external facilities were made at different times across the boundaries when the NRAO was split into multiple observatories (NRAO, GBO, and LBO) in 2017, and when the LBO was reintegrated back into the NRAO in 2019.  Therefore, the agreements below will sometimes mention various combinations of the NRAO, GBO, and LBO.  Regardless, access to the Joint Observing program will continue for the VLA, VLBA, and GBT for semester 24B.

Joint Observations with JWST
By  agreement between the GBO and NASA, detailed in a Memorandum of Understanding, the GBO can award up to 50 hours of JWST observing time per year.  In return, JWST can award up to 5% of the GBT open skies observing time.  See the Joint Observations with JWST page for details.

Joint Observations with NICER
By agreement between the GBO and NASA, detailed in a Memorandum of Understanding, the GBO can award up to 250 ksec of NICER observing time per year.  In return, NICER can award up to 5% of the GBT open skies observing time. See the Joint Observations with NICER page for details.

Joint Observations with XMM-Newton
By agreement with the Green Bank Observatory, detailed in a Memorandum of Understanding, the XMM-Newton Project may award up to 3% of GBT open skies observing time. Similarly, the GBT Time Allocation Committee may award up to 150 ks of XMM-Newton time per year. See the Joint Observations with XMM-Newton page for details.

Joint Observations with Chandra X-ray Observatory
In previous semesters, the community has had the opportunity to propose for observing time on NRAO facilities through a joint program with the Chandra X-ray Observatory. The Green Bank Observatory will continue with this program and will allocate up to 3% of the open skies time to highly ranked proposals that request time on both Chandra and the GBT.  Proposers to the GBO will have the opportunity to request time on Chandra, to be awarded on the recommendation of the GBO Telescope Allocation Committee (TAC) and approved by the GBO Director. Up to 120 ksec will be made available to GBO/NRAO proposers annually. 
Due to Chandra’s increasingly challenging thermal constraints, the amount of Chandra exposure time available for High Ecliptic Latitude (HEL) targets with |bGal| > 55deg is extremely limited.  If you request joint time on Chandra, please avoid long exposures on such targets if at all possible.  You must note explicitly the requested amount of Chandra HEL time in the body of your science justification.
N.B., Chandra ToO proposals are not supported under the Chandra-NRAO joint program.  See the Joint Observations with Chandra page for details.

Joint Observations with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST)
By agreement between the NRAO (and continued honoring by GBO) and the Space Telescope Science Institute, STScI will be able to award up to 3% of the available open skies time to highly ranked proposals that request time on both HST and the GBT.  In return, STScI has offered 30 orbits per year of HST time for allocation by the GBO/NRAO TAC.   See the Joint Observations with HST page for details.
N.B., HST “Snapshot” observations are not supported under the HST-NRAO Joint program since there is no guarantee that Snapshot targets will be completed.

Joint Observations with Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission
To foster correlative observations, a joint Swift/NRAO observing program was established, detailed in a Memorandum of Understanding. The GBO will continue to honor this agreement.  By this agreement, the Swift Program permits GBO/NRAO to award up to 300 kiloseconds of Swift observing time per year.   Similarly, GBO/NRAO permits the Swift Guest Investigator (GI) Program to award GBO observing time.  See the Joint Observations with Swift page for details.

Joint Observations with Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope
We remind the community that it is possible to propose for observing time on the GBT through the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope Joint Proposal Opportunity or the Cooperative Proposal Opportunity.  See the Joint Observations with Fermi page for details.

GBO and NRAO User’s Policy

The new users’ policy manual is available here.

Tips for Proposers

Scientific Justification

The NRAO proposal evaluation and time allocation process is panel based. That is, members of the scientific community are responsible for reviewing proposals based on their scientific merit through the Science Review Panels. As a means of broadening the scientific perspective of its reviewers, and of increasing the participation of the wider astronomy and astrophysics community in the science program of NRAO facilities, SRP membership is deliberately selected to include some colleagues that are not necessarily experts in radio observational techniques. This being the case, we encourage proposers to consider the following when preparing their proposals:

  • Avoid the use of radio astronomy jargon.
  • Do not assume the reader is familiar with a particular observing technique – explain it briefly.
  • Do not assume the reader is familiar with an earlier rationale for a developing line of research – provide adequate historical context and connect the dots as necessary.
  • Describe previous observations and publications relevant to the proposed observations.
  • If a particular point source or brightness temperature sensitivity is required, justify it.

Source Lists

The Observatory requires proposers to specify their source lists in full. This enables the Observatory to identify potential conflicts between observing programs and to better understand scheduling pressure on the instruments it operates. It may be the case that the final target list has not been selected at the time a proposal is submitted. In such cases, all potential targets and fields should be listed. The only exceptions to this requirement are for Triggered proposals to observe targets that are unknown a priori. Proposal source lists are not made public by the Observatory.

Dissertation Plans

The Plan of Dissertation is important in the proposal review process and should be well written; it is not a placeholder and should not be a replica of the proposal.  The plan must be compliant with specific requirements, which includes following a Plan of Dissertation Research template.  See Section 7.2 of the NRAO Users’ Policy guide for details.

24B Proposal Call Results

Will be published when the reviewing process is completed.

A total of 97 proposals requesting NSF funded “open skies” time were submitted to the Green Bank Observatory’s Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT)  for semester 18B.  Proposals are reviewed on a competitive basis with a panel review system (see Proposal Review System).  Below are the statistics by proposal count and hours.  The oversubscription is the ratio of the number of submitted proposals to the number of approved proposals.  The pressure is the ratio of the requested time to the available time in hours.  Here we only include proposals submitted for the 18B semester that have been reviewed by the Green Bank Observatory Telescope Allocation Committee (TAC).

A description of the 18B proposals accepted can be found in our NSF Open Skies Science Program section below.

Total Proposals97
Statistics by Proposal Count
Requested Time6728 h
Available Time2396 h
Approved2715.75 h
Filler437.75 h
Rejected3574.5 h
Statistics by Proposal Hours

GBT Pressure Plots

Observations in high frequency bands require better weather conditions than observations in lower frequency bands. The GBT uses three weather categories:

  • poor – for observations below 8 GHz
  • good – for observations between 8-18 GHz and 26.5 – 50 GHz
  • excellent – for observations in the 18-26.5 GHz band and above 50 GHz

The first three figures below show the pressure plots for each these weather categories.  The last figure includes all weather categories.  The grey horizontal line shows the total available hours.  The letters A, B, and C correspond to the priorities assigned by the TAC where A and B are approved time and C is filler time.  Carryover is time allocated by a TAC from a previous semester that is being executed in the 18B semester.

GBT Observation Preparation

Please use the GBT Dynamic Scheduling System (DSS) to enable observing sessions, select observers for your project, and enter your blackout dates. The DSS Home Page has additional information about the DSS.  See GBT Observing for information about how to prepare for your observations.

Please note that the DSS uses the average Right Ascension (RA) and Declination (Dec) of all sources within a session.  The average RA and Dec will be used to determine when the session can be scheduled.  You will need to carefully check the RA and Dec, along with the minimum and maximum session lengths, to make sure that these values are satisfactory and will allow all your sources to be observed before enabling the session.

24B Science Program

Will be published when the reviewing process is completed.

A total of 97 proposals requesting NSF funded “open skies” time were submitted to the Green Bank Observatory’s Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT) for the February 1, 2018 semester 18B deadline . The table below summarizes the approved observing programs. Listed are the PI name, proposal ID, proposal title, maximum hours approved and proposal type (Regular, Triggered, Large or External). Proposals from previous semesters that were awarded time in the 18B semester are included. The table also includes HSA and GMVA proposals that were awarded time on the GBT as a VLBI station as well as proposal accepted via external agreements with CHANDRA, Hubble Space Telescope, FERMI and Swift.

For each approved program, the Proposal Finder Tool will have access to its author, title, abstract and total approved hours.

A description of the Time Allocation Committee report for 18B can be found in the Proposal Call Results section above.

Anderson, LorenGBT18B-014The GBT Diffuse Ionized Gas Survey (GDIGS)200.5Large
Andreon, StefanoGBT18B-111A intermediate mass cluster kept at the epoch of entropy growth32Regular
Basu, KaustuvGBT18B-263Deep MUSTANG-2 Imaging of the Sausage Relic in the SZ Effect32Regular
Beasley, AnthonyGBT17B-131GBT Observations of 36 GHz Methonal Masers Towards the Galactic Center24Regular
Bing, LongjiGBT18B-216HI Component in A Blue Compact Dwarf with Violent Gas Dynamics3Regular
Britt, ChristopherGBT18B-313Confirming Candidate MSPs in the Galactic Bulge4Regular
Brodwin, MarkGBT18B-215MUSTANG-2 Observations of MaDCoWS, the Most Massive Galaxy Clusters at z > 1126Regular
Caleb, ManishaGBT18B-035A follow-up campaign for MeerTRAP FRBs with the Green Bank telescope75Regular
Cameron, AndrewGBT18A-261Continued timing observations of a new eccentric, relativistic binary pulsar117Regular
Cromartie, ThankfulGBT18B-289Mass Measurements for Four Millisecond Pulsars Using Relativistic Shapiro Delay30Regular
Demorest, PaulGBT18B-226The North American Nanohertz Observatory for Gravitational Waves324Large
Denny, LucasGBT18B-331Constraining the Origin of A Very High-Velocity Cloud Toward M33 with GBT54Regular
Dolch, TimothyGBT18B-321Continuing Monitoring of DM Variations of PSR B2224+65, the Guitar Nebula Pulsar12Regular
Dollhopf, NiklausGBT18B-140The Chemical Complexity of L1157: K-band Survey on the GBT6Regular
Dollhopf, NiklausGBT18B-141Exploring the Asymmetries of the L1157 Outflow: First Look at L1157-R1.25Regular
Fonseca, EmmanuelGBT18B-234High-precision Timing of the Pulsar Triple System in Messier 41.5Regular
Fonseca, EmmanuelGBT18B-280Timing Measurements of Two GBNCC Pulsars in Relativistic Binary Systems9Regular
Forbrich, JanGBT18B-284Dense gas mapping of resolved Giant Molecular Clouds in M3122Regular
Galaz, GasparGBT18A-191Edetecting molecular gas in the giant low surface brightness galaxy Malin 130Regular
Ginsburg, AdamGBT18A-014MUSTANG Galactic Plane survey pilot: Protoclusters & Massive Stars31Regular
Goldsmith, PaulGBT18B-053Accretion onto Molecular Cloud Filaments40Regular
Gomez, Jose L.G18A002Probing the Innermost Regions of AGN Jets and their Magnetic Fields36Regular
Gomez, Jose L.GMVA18B-164Imaging massive binary BH candidates in OJ287 and 3C345 with the GMVA+ALMA23Regular
Hada, KazuhiroGMVA18B-196Imaging Magnetic Acceleration and Collimation of M87 Jet at Scales of 7-150Rs14Regular
Haqq-Misra, JacobGBT18B-150Observing Earth’;s Radio Leakage from Lunar Reflections0Regular
Hilton, MattGBT18B-059Pressure Profiles from MUSTANG-2 for Clusters Detected by AdvACT and Planck33Regular
Issaoun, SaraGMVA18B-240Sharpening the source model for Sgr A*: 3mm VLBI with GMVA+ALMA8Regular
Jackson, JamesGBT16A-353The Radio Ammonia Mid-Plane survey69Large
Karunakaran, AnanthanGBT18B-203Searching for the HI reservoirs of Dwarfs in the Leo Triplet18Regular
Kepley, AmandaGBT17B-151Extragalactic GBT+ARGUS Gas Density Survey85.5Large
Linden, SeanGBT18A-366Building integrated SEDs with the GBT for LIRGs in GOALS9Regular
Lovell, AmyGBT18B-069OH Observations of 46P/Wirtanen and C/2017 S3 PANSTARRS19.25Regular
Lynch, RyanGBT18B-278Exploring the High Frequency Properties of FRB12110226Regular
MacDonald, NicholasGMVA18B-039Disorder vs. Order: Discerning the nature of the magnetic field in PKS 1510-0895Regular
Mantz, AdamGBT18B-221Unveiling the Most Distant Massive Galaxy Cluster with MUSTANG-225Regular
Mason, BrianGBT18A-336Detailed Sunyaev-Zel’dovich Effect Imaging of Z > 1 Galaxy Clusters47.25Regular
McGuire, BrettGBT18B-004A GBT Census of Aromatic Molecules Outside TMC-195Regular
McGuire, BrettGBT18B-007An Extremely Deep K-band GBT Survey of TMC-1418Large
Monson, NathanielGBT18A-400Uniform Silicon Isotope Ratios Across the Milky Way Galaxy15Regular
Mooley, KunalVLBA18B-201Mapping the size and morphology of the GW170817 post-merger fireball39Regular
Moss, VanessaGBT18B-307Uncovering the hidden iceberg structure of the Milky Way halo77.5Regular
Mroczkowski, TonyGBT18A-175A GBT+MUSTANG-2 Measurement the SZ Power Spectrum (continued)58.5Regular
Oslowski, StefanGBT18B-266Continuing follow-up of FRBs discovered by ASKAP126Regular
Pineda, JaimeGBT18B-288Exploring the kinematics of a subsonic dense core38Regular
Ransom, ScottGBT18B-071Continued Timing of a Millisecond Pulsar in a Stellar Triple System65Regular
Ransom, ScottGBT18B-072Long Term Timing of 59 Recycled Pulsars in Bulge Globular Clusters75Regular
Robinson, JustinGBT18B-258HI Spectroscopy of Active Galaxies with Direct Black Hole Mass Measurements165.25Regular
Schisano, EugenioGBT18B-211Filaments in the massive star forming complex G096+1.38: highways in the sky?0Regular
Spekkens, KristineGBT18B-246Atomic Gas in the Host Galaxies of Gravitational Wave Events20Triggered
Swiggum, JosephGBT17B-325Continuing the GBT All-Sky 350-MHz Pulsar Survey234Large
Watson, DarachGBT18A-230Detecting CO in a normal galaxy at Z=7.13268Regular
White, JacobGBT18A-329Measuring the Emission from Sirius A’s Stellar Atmosphere4Regular
Wilkins, OliviaGBT18B-025Complex Organic Formation in Protostellar Environments6.25Regular
Williams, GwenllianGBT18B-220Interaction of two IRDC hubs: A complete evolutionary study of the SDC13 region3.5Regular

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